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Qualifying Small Enterprise (QSE)

I have spoken to many "would-be" plant operators who've stated they've been driving the machines, or had a practice, or used the device to do a small job because the driver was not around, and the keys were in the ignition.
 
What I want to suggest to Employers on Construction Sites, or self-employed operators of those machines is to review the task undertaken, and carry out an appropriate Risk Assessment, specifically on Excavators. Obviously the Risk Assessment must be for many machines, but I will pay attention to helping you with the Excavator, be it a 360 or a 180 wheeled or tracked machine.
 
Firstly included in the construction sector reactivation protocol you appear at who'd be affected, and that will be the driver/operator; other workers; members of the public.
 
Driving Excavators
 
The Significant Hazards could be - inexperienced or untrained staff operating the device could result in accidents on site leading to personal injury and machine damage.
 
The Control Measures could be -
 
" Only trained staff be allowed to use the excavators
" Work utilising the Excavators must be planned to lessen accidents
" The work utilising the Excavator carried out to the particular risk assessment undertaken for the particular jobs/site where the device will be used
 
A Significant Hazard could be - Driving the excavator at speed over rough terrain, uneven surfaces, which could result in the device overturning.
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The Control Measures could be -
 
" As part of the original Site Assessment - speed limits could be imposed
" Machine driven at slow speed on uneven or unstable ground
" Seat Belts to be worn constantly by drivers
" The right PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
 
A Significant Hazard could be - using an excavator for undertaking work besides digging, which could result in it overturning or mechanical failure.
 
The Control Measures could be -
 
" Excavators should only be used to the Manufacturers Handbook (intended purposes)
" Only planned site work undertaken as per Job Specification
 
A Significant Hazard could be - Using incorrect attachments or failure to secure the Quick-Hitch pin.
 
The Control Measures could be -
 
" Only use specific attachments as per Manufacturers Handbook
" All attachments be properly secured (as above)
" Operator Training, to add the techniques for fitting attachments
 
A Significant Hazard could be - Operating the Excavator too near to the edge of trenches, that might lead them to collapse and the Excavator overturn.
 
The Control Measures could be -
 
" Operators to be trained, in order that they only operate the device at a secure distance from any un-shored trenches. Specific care should be taken with shored trenches also
" Operators to make sure that the floor around trenches is effective at withstanding the device weight
" Don't operate the Excavator around trenches whilst others are working included
 
A Significant Hazard could be - Digging without plans, as buried services could cause injury to gas, water mains and electric cables.
 
The Control Measures could be -
 
" Not undertake excavation work until service plans from the utility companies have been obtained and service routes have been marked out
" Where the current presence of electricity cables is likely, then the area to be checked with Cable Location Equipment "CAT & Genny scanners"
 
A Significant Hazard could be - Parking the Excavator with the Jib Arm raised, and leaving the keys in the ignition, which will leave the car open to make use of by untrained and unskilled operators, leading to possible injury.