posts exposure prophylaxis
AIDS or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is really a disease compromising the immune system of our body. An HIV infection if left untreated finally comes up as the full blown AIDS case in its later stages. Apart from the initial phase of infection which at times manifests with flu-like symptoms, the next stages are largely asymptomatic, thereby giving an chance for the virus to silently compromise the condition fighting convenience of the body resulting in repeated prolonged hiv pep singapore.
An HIV infection can just only be transmitted through the next:
Unprotected sexual encounter having an infected partner be it anal, vaginal or oral
Infected blood transfusion
Use of infected needles
From an infected pregnant mother to her child
Usually all hospitals have screening tests conducted before all blood transfusions, organ transplants and semen insemination but there have been rare cases of contracting an infection through -
Infected blood transfusion
Organ transplant from an infected donor
Artificial insemination with semen of an infected male.
It's equally important to know that AIDS doesn't spread through touching, hugging, mosquito bites, eating together or through handshakes and therefore there has to be every attempt made for social acceptance and patients must be treated with respect and due regard.
Having seen the reasons regarding how an infection may be transmitted we are able to also enlist the high risk groups:-
People in substance abuse using shared needles.
Infants born to HIV infected mothers who are not undertaking treatment for the infection
People indulging in unprotected sex with individuals who are infected or with those participating in high risk sexual behavior.
Also in danger are sexual partners of people indulging in high risk sexual activities.
People handling blood, blood products and other body fluids and surgeries.
Preventing contracting an HIV infection
In case you have been in a profession that handles body fluids or surgeries, take adequate protective measures in a questionnaire of protective clothing and masks to prevent any direct contact with them.
Do not indulge in substance abuse of prescription drugs or street drugs. Never use shared needles for drug abuse.
Practice safe and healthy sex.
Always make use of a condom when participating in sex with a not known partner or with somebody indulging in high risk sexual behavior
Infected Pregnant women must seek medical advice and counseling and take appropriate treatment to prevent transmission to the unborn child infected.
In the case of you suspecting an exposure to HIV seek immediate medical help. Medical advances have produce Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) incorporating an immediate length of antiviral drugs which are believed to reduce likelihood of infection.